Last week i wrote an article about 42 people who changed the internet , but no single woman was mentioned.But that doesn’t mean that the Internet is lacking in talented women. like the popular saying What a man can do , a woman can do better………… Critics say that these women were not given enough recognition for their efforts unlike the men and in many instances, Yes they are right. Not to say that all of them go unnoticed but you might not have heard of some or most of them.Today i am going to share with you 10 women who significantly contributed to how we use the Internet today.
1. Radia Perlman
This list wouldn’t be complete if we don’t revisit history and include Radia Perlman who is widely hailed as the Mother of the Internet. Perlman is most famous for creating the spanning-tree protocol (STP). STP bridges two computer networks so that they can exchange information. You can see its usage in Local Area Networks (LAN) where many computers are accessing one network and the Ethernet.
STP made the Internet possible, as it allows the Ethernet to handle large amounts of information being exchanged and stored which set the precedent of cloud computing. As a software designer and network engineer, Perlman is also credited with inventing the Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links (TRILL) to make up for STP’sshortcomings.
2. Elizabeth Feinler
Wired described Elizabeth Feinler as the person “before Google and GoDaddy”. Feinler is considered the pioneer of the Internet when she was the Director of the Network Information Center (NIC) at the Standford Research Institute (SRI) from 1972 to 1989. She also managed the ARPANET, the network that connected various research centers across the country, which was seen as the predecessor to the Internet.
Feinler was more commonly known as Jake, a nickname given by her sister that stuck. In managing the NIC, Feinler oversaw the creation and registration of Internet addresses or URLs. It first started out manually with Feinler and her team maintaining and publishing directories of people. The resources were distributed via snail mail and was also available through a telephone hotline the team set up.
Over time as the Internet evolved, the NIC came up with the Dormain Name System (DNS). DNS maintains the naming scheme of URLs such as .com, .edu, .gov, .mil, .net, .org as well as translating domain names into IP adresses. Needless to say, these contributions of hers are still in use today.
3. Caterina Fake
Caterina Fake co-founded with her husband Stewart Butterfield popular photo-sharing site Flickr in 2004. Yahoo! then acquired Flickr in 2005. Before Flickr came about, photo-sharing meant sending your pictures through email. And you know how sending photos via email was years ago when emails couldn’t handle attaching photos in bulk.
Additionally, the existence of Flickr also brought about the advent of many of Web 2.0′s features like social networking, tagging, algorithms that bring up popular content, and community open APIs. Interestingly the site was meant to be a multi-player gaming site until lack of funds spurred Fake and her husband to change tack.
4. Mitchell Baker
If it weren’t for Mitchell Baker, most of us would still be browsing the Web with Internet Explorer. As Executive Chairwoman of the Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla Corporation, Baker led part of Netscapes team on the Mozilla project. The project, as you can tell from the name, birthed the open source web browser, Mozilla Firefox, which made the Internet experience safe and stable.
Trained as a lawyer, Baker used her expertise to create Netscape’s open source license, making it free as well as the basis of Mozilla’s public license. It helped pave an era of open source software and inspired open source projects such as GitHub, HTML5 and Android.
5. Rashmi Sinha
If it wasn’t for India-born Rashmi Sinha, there wouldn’t be SlideShare. Sinha caught the Web bug when she was researching on how search engine optimization as well as algorithms work to help push recommended content at the University of California, Berkeley. After her research, she went on to start a user-experience consultancy Uzanto which provided services to companies such as eBay, AAA, and Blue Shield.
In 2006, Sinha and her husband Jon Boutelle co-founded SlideShare. She became its CEO while her husband is the CTO. As you know, the site makes it possible to share PowerPoint slides online without the need of a presenter. SlideShare’s user-based community and user-friendliness draws people to discover new content as well as generates its own traffic. In 2012, LinkedIn acquired the presentation-sharing site for over $100 million.
6. Leah Culver
You may not have heard of social networking site Pownce, as it met its early demise in 2008. Many attributed it to the acquisition by software company Six Apart, who was after the talented staff of Pownce, which was then Twitter’s biggest competitor. What almost nobody focused on is that it’s possibly the reason why Facebook and Twitter is now able to share and attach links, files, photos and videos on their platforms. And the women behind it is Leah Culver.
Interestingly Culver switched her art major for computer programming when studying at the University of Minnesota. A year after she graduated in 2006, she launched Pownce with Kevin Rose and Daniel Burka. Culver is the lead developer for Pownce having created the site from scratch using the Python programming language.
7. Marissa Mayer
Currently, Marissa Mayer is the president and CEO of Yahoo!. Before that however, everyone knew her as Google’s employee number 20 in 1999 and the search engine’s first female engineer. Anyone who is tech news savvy will know that Mayer worked on a slew of Google services that we all use. Among them are Google Search, Google News, Google Images, and Google Chrome.
Her attention to detail and user-first mindset contributed to the look and feel of these products. She was so good at her job that she became Vice President of Search Products and User Experience. In her final two years at Google, she was made Vice President of Local, Maps, and Location Services. In this division, she oversaw the engineering and design of Google Maps, Google Earth, Street View and local search for both web and mobile.
8. Mena Trott
Mena Trott made it possible for us aspiring writers to start out by blogging. In fact, she made it easy to blog. Trott co-founded Six Apart with now former husband Benjamin in 2001 that specializes in developing blogging software. The company came up with Movable Type in 2001, a blogging software that is similar to and precedes WordPress.
Before Six Apart and Movable Type, blogging meant hard-coding your own online diary. In 2003, Trott and her team came up with blog hosting service, TypePad, based on Movable Type’s software and features easy-to-use blogging tools. Some of the tools include multiple author support, photo albums and mobile blogging. Six Apart eventually came up with blogging platform Vox and acquired Livejournal before it finally joined forces with VideoEgg to become SAY Media in 2010.
9. Susan Wojcicki
Another Google employee, Susan Wojcicki was responsible for selling ads on the search engine giant. Recently made the CEO of YouTube in February 2014, Wojcicki used to lead Google’s Advertising and Commerce division. She first started out as Google employee number 16 as its Marketing Manager and if it weren’t for her renting out her garage to Sergey Brin and Larry Page in 1998, there would be no Google.
During her tenure as Vice President of Advertising and Commerce, Wojcicki came up with AdWords and AdSense. The 2 advertising services are why you see ads on websites and blogs today which contributed 96% to Google’s revenue. Wojcicki is also the person responsible for acquiring YouTube and DoubleClick as well as developing the doodles on Google’s home pag
NOW TO YOU
Who do you think should be on this list , that is not there, feel free to share it with us by using our comment box below. So what do you think?
content idea : hongkiat
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Here is Why You Should Use Web Content Filtering
In today’s hyperconnected era, the internet has become critical for your business performance. It allows your staff members to seek information, collaborate, and share files in real-time. There are also many web-based platforms that can simplify almost any aspect of your business operations, from bookkeeping to project management.
However, do your employees always use the internet the way they should?
To take a break from their complex daily activities, even your most diligent employees will surf the web, share videos, and quickly scan their social media accounts.
Even though taking a selfie and posting it on Instagram or responding to a friend request on Facebook takes only a few seconds, stats say that these activities may harm the overall workplace performance and cause greater costs. According to Office Team, employees spend 5 hours weekly on non-work activities, which may lead to a worrying loss of $15.5 billion in lost productivity.
One of the most effective solutions to this problem is web content filtering.
Web Content Filtering Defined
When you’re filtering online content, you’re using a piece of software to identify and exclude any forms of inappropriate or dangerous content for your company. These tools recognize character strings that, if matched, indicate that the content is not appropriate for your organization. These could be suspicious files, spammy website content, pornographic content, and even social networks.
Now, let’s see what the benefits of web content filtering are for your business.
Tightened Network Security
The number of cyberattacks is growing. Unfortunately, it’s unlikely that this trend will die down in the next few years. Namely, today’s online hacks have evolved, which makes them harder to predict and recognize.
Above all, most of them target small businesses. Research says that more than 70% of companies that are hacked are SMBs. The reason for that is simple – small businesses still don’t understand the importance of cybersecurity and are not equipped to fight sophisticated online threats.
One of the most frequent types of cyber threats is phishing attacks. The hacker’s goal is to deceive a user to steal their valuable data. This form of online breaches involves a myriad of tactics that are carried out through emails, social networks, IM platforms, etc. Some well-versed cybercriminals even build fake sites that look trustworthy and then ask users to provide their sensitive data.
Unsurprisingly, employees’ negligence is the greatest cybersecurity risk. Most of them will click on spammy ads, odd links, and download files from unreliable resources without thinking about the consequences of these activities.
This is where web filter solutions help. Namely, they provide services like information control, URL filters, traffic control, proxy control, behavior analyses, and online bandwidth management to prevent infected files from reaching your employees’ inboxes. And, even if an employee receives a malicious file or link, web filters will instantly block their access to such content.
Greater Workplace Productivity
Social networks are often being referred to as workplace productivity killers.
Still, is banning them a good option? Probably not.
First, this may hurt employee satisfaction and indicate that you don’t trust them enough.
Second, social networks are important for building brand awareness. When reposted on your company’s profile, your employees’ behind-the-scenes photos and videos may help you humanize your brand.
However, web content filtering lets you set stricter rules on what kind of content should be accessed at work. You don’t have to block social networks, but you can always filter out not-suitable-for-work (NSFW) websites, such as online shopping platforms, as well as gambling, torrent, gaming, or entertainment sites.
Maintaining Brand Reputation
Your employees’ lack of knowledge may not only hurt your network’s security, but also ruin the reputation your company has been building for years. Just remember that U.S. Airways’ social media manager accidentally published an X-rated photo on the company’s Twitter account. Even though they reacted fast by deleting the photo and apologizing, they still received lots of negative press.
Therefore, web content filtering may be one of the most effective ways to maintain a spotless brand reputation in the digital world packed with spam. URL filtering and real-time monitoring of online activities will reduce the disasters caused by employees misusing the internet, such as publishing offensive content, illegal file downloads, or publishing inappropriate content on your corporate accounts.
The power of web content filtering goes far beyond improving cybersecurity. This is one of the most effective ways to limit your employees’ access to non-work sites and, in this way, increase their productivity and prevent them from sharing any inappropriate content.
Sure, to get the most out of this strategy, don’t forget to educate your employees. They need to know how their use of the internet impacts the overall image of the organization. Most importantly, they should be aware of the major cyber threats and know what to do if they come across them.
Hope this helps!
Windows 10 tops Windows 7 as most popular OS
Windows 10, which was released about three and half years ago, nows top Windows 7 as the most popular OS. A report from Net Marketshare puts Windows 10 in the top spot for desktop operating systems. It’s the first time Microsoft’s OS took the top spot since hitting the market three and a half years ago.
Windows 10 held 39.22 percent of desktop OS market share in December 2018, compared to Windows 7 which sit at 36.9 percent. This is a statistics that is taken Microsoft three and a half years to accomplish, and it shows exactly how mainstream Windows 7 has been since its release almost 10 years prior. The more recent Windows 8.1, meanwhile, is a distant fifth — more than a percentage point below Windows XP.
Windows 10 is now in place on 700 million devices, comprising a broad range of products. Microsoft gambled with the release of a convertible operating system that could bridge the device between PC and tablet, and it appears to have paid off. As has the decision to bring the OS to its Xbox platform.
The market share milestone is an important one for Windows 10, and it comes just a year before Microsoft ends its extended support for Windows 7 on January 14th, 2020. Microsoft have no choice than to convince businesses with deep pockets to move up to Windows 10, rather than settling on the Extended Security Updates (ESU) program for Windows 7 one year from now.
All of this marks a nice end to Microsoft’s solid year, which found it once again at the top of the most valuable companies. Apple, which is now in the No. 2 spot, secured No. 3 on the OS list, with 10.14 Mojave pulling in 4.73 percent of the market.