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42 People Who Changed the Internet

Segun Balogun

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42 People Who Changed the Internet

Just Take a second, and try to imagine the world without the Internet.
Its Kind of tough, huh!..How do you managed to get through the day without the internet , which many people believed started 25yrs back.The Internet, for better or worse, has changed almost every single aspect of our lives.
Perhaps the most important and lasting impact of the Internet is the speed at which people can now come together to protest and share there views using social networks, especially Twitter and Facebook.
In 2012, there were more than 2 billion internet users. One thing is certain, the internet, also known as the World Wide Web, has forever changed the way that people obtain and gather information, in addition to how people all over the world communicate with each other.

Many have contributed one way or the other to the growth and success of the internet….
It is usual to have an idea but turning that idea into a booming company through innovation and execution matters most. Here, these are the people who have the biggest impact on the direction of the web: past, present, and future. They changed the internet and revolutionized the way we propel our lives today.

Just imagine the world without internet, it has become part of our daily life.

42 People Who Changed the Internet

Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn

Father of the Internet.

The Father of Internet Vint Cerf, together with Bob Kahn created the TCP/IP suite of communication protocols. a language used by computers to talk to each other in a network. Vint Cerf once said that the internet is just a mirror of the population and spam is a side effect of a free service.

Tim Berners-Lee

Inventor of WWW.

Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web. He wrote the first web client and server and designed a way to create links, or hypertext, amid different pieces of online information. He now maintains standards for the web and continues to refine its design as a director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

Ray Tomlinson

Father of Email.

Programmer Ray Tomlinson, the Father of Email made it possible to exchange messages between machines in diverse locations; between universities, across continents, and oceans. He came up with the “@” symbol format for e-mail addresses. Today, more than a billion people around the world type @ sign every day.

42 People Who Changed the Internet

Michael Hart

The birth of eBooks.

Michael Hart started the birth of eBooks and breaks down the bars of ignorance and illiteracy. He created the Project Gutenberg and was considered world’s first electronic library that changed the way we read. The collection includes public domain works and copyrighted works with express permission.

Gary Thuerk

The first Email spam.

Spamming is an old marketing technique. Gary Thuerk, sent his first mass e-mailing to customers over the Arpanet for Digital’s new T-series of VAX systems. What he didn’t realize at the time was that he had sent the world’s first spam.

Scott Fahlman

The first emoticon.

Scott Fahlman is credited with originating the first ASCII-based smiley emoticon, which he thought would help to distinguish between posts that should be taken humorously and those of a more serious nature. Now, everybody uses them in messenger programs, chat rooms, and e-mail.

Marc Andreessen

Netscape Navigator. (wikipedia)

Marc Andreessen revolutionized Internet navigation. He came up with first widely used Web browser called Mosaic which was later commercialised as the Netscape Navigator. Marc Andreessen is also co-founder and chairman of Ning and an investor in several startups including Digg, Plazes, and Twitter.

Jarkko Oikarinen

Internet Relay Chat, IRC. (wikipedia)

Jarkko Oikarinen developed the first real-time online chat tool in Finland known as Internet Relay Chat. IRC’s fame took off in 1991. When Iraq invaded Kuwait and radio and TV signals were shut down, thanks to IRC though up-to-date information was able to be distribute.

Robert Tappan Morris

First Worm Virus.

The concept of a worm virus is unique compare to the conventional hacking. Instead of getting into a network themselves, they send a small program they have coded to do the job. From this concept, Robert Tappan Morris created the Morris Worm. It’s one of the very first worm viruses to be sent out over the internet that inadvertently caused many thousands of dollars worth of damage and “loss of productivity” when it was released in the late 80s.

David Bohnett

Geocities. (wikipedia)

David Bohnett founded GeoCities in 1994, together with John Rezner. It grew to become the largest community on the Internet. He pioneered and championed the concept of providing free home pages to everyone on the web. The company shut down the service on October 27, 2009.

Ward Cunningham

The first Wiki.

American programmer Ward Cunningham developed the first wiki as a way to let people collaborate, create and edit online pages together. Cunningham named the wiki after the Hawaiian word for “quick.”

Sabeer Bhatia

Hotmail. (wikipedia)

Sabeer Bhatia founded Hotmail in which the uppercase letters spelling out HTML-the language used to write the base of a webpage. He got in the news when he sold the free e-mailing service , Hotmail to Microsoft for $400 million. He was awarded the “Entrepreneur of the Year” by Draper Fisher Jurvertson in 1998 and was noted by TIME as one of the “People to Watch” in international business in 2002. His most exciting acquisition of 2009 was Jaxtyr which he believes is set to overtake Skype in terms of free global calling.

Matt Drudge

The Drudge Report. (wikipedia)

Matt Drudge started the news aggregation website The Drudge Report. It gained popularity when he was the first outlet to break the news that later became the Monica Lewinsky scandal.

Larry Page and Sergey Brin

Google. (wikipedia)

Larry Page and Sergey Brin changed the way we search and use the Internet. They worked as a seamless team at the top of the search giant. Their company grew rapidly every year since it began. Page and Brin started with their own funds, but the site quickly outgrew their own existing resources. They later obtain private investments through Stanford. Larry Page, Sergey Brin and their company Google, continue to favor engineering over business.

Bill Gates

Microsoft. (wikipedia)

Bill Gates founded the software company called “Micro-Soft”. a combination of “microcomputer software.” Later on, Bill Gates developed a new GUI (Graphical User Interface) for a disk operating system. He called this new style Windows. He has all but accomplished his famous mission statement, to put “a computer on every desk and in every home”. at least in developed countries.

Steve Jobs

Apple. (wikipedia)

Steve Jobs innovative idea of a personal computer led him into revolutionizing the computer hardware and software industry. The Apple founder changed the way we work, play and communicate. He made simple and uncluttered web design stylish. The story of Apple and Steve Jobs is about determination, creative genius, pursuit of innovation with passion and purpose.

David Filo and Jerry Yang

Yahoo. (wikipedia)

David Filo and Jerry Yang started Yahoo! as a pastime and evolved into a universal brand that has changed the way people communicate with each other, find and access information and purchase things. The name Yahoo! is an acronym for “Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle,” but Filo and Yang insist they selected the name because they liked the general definition of a yahoo: “rude, unsophisticated, uncouth.”

Brad Fitzpatrick

LiveJournal. (wikipedia)

Brad Fitzpatrick created LiveJournal, one of the earliest blogging platforms. He is seen on the Internet under the nickname bradfitz. He is also the author of a variety of free software projects such as memcached, used on LiveJournal, Facebook and YouTube. LiveJournal continues today as an online community where people can share updates on their lives via diaries and blogs. Members connect by creating a “friends list” that links to their pals’ recent entries.

Shawn Fanning

Napster. (wikipedia)

Shawn Fanning developed Napster, a peer-to-peer file-sharing program designed to let music fans find and trade music. Users put whatever files they were willing to share with others into special directories on their hard drives. The service had more than 25 million users at its peak in 2001, and was shut down after a series of high-profile lawsuits, not before helping to spark the digital music revolution now dominated by Apple. Napster has since been rebranded and acquired by Roxio.

Peter Thiel

Paypal. (wikipedia)

Peter Thiel is one of many Web luminaries associated with PayPal. PayPal had enabled people to transfer money to each other instantly. PayPal began giving a small group of developers access to its code, allowing them to work with its super-sophisticated transaction framework. Peter Thiel cofounded PayPal at age 31 and sold it to eBay four years later for $1.5 billion.

Pierre Morad Omidyar

Ebay. (wikipedia)

Pierre Omidyar set up an online marketplace that brought buyers and sellers together as never before, and pioneered the concept of quantifying the trustworthiness of an anonymous user. In building his auction empire, Omidyar counted on the power of the individual. Omidyar’s greatest strength is his insight into human nature. He understood that people would buy just about anything. one man’s junk is, in fact, another’s treasure.

Jimmy Wales

Wikipedia. (wikipedia)

Jimmy Wales founded the world’s largest encyclopaedia which carries articles that can easily be edited by anyone who can access the website. It was launched in 2001 and is currently the most popular general reference work on the Internet.

Stewart Butterfield and Caterina Fake.

Flickr. (wikipedia)

Photosharing website has become a part of everyday online life for millions of people. Stewart Butterfield, who with his wife Caterina Fake created Flickr that was born out of an online multi-player game that seemed to sum up everything the Web 2.0 people were trying to do. Flickr came along with an idea that you no longer had an album. Instead, you had a photo stream. Yahoo later on acquired Flickr in 2005.

Jonathan Abrams

Friendster. (wikipedia)

Jonathan Abrams built Friendster, together with Cris Emmanuel, offering many tools to help members find dates. He took the idea from Match.com. It’s the first social network to hit the big time and go mainstream. Members create profiles listing favorite movies and books (and dating status) and link up to friends, who linked to their friends, and so on.

Niklas Zennstrom

Skype. (wikipedia)

Niklas Zennstrom co-founded the fastest growing communications trend in history called Skype. It offered consumers worldwide a free software for making superior-quality calls using their computer and expanded its offering for Linux, MAC & PC and mobile/ handheld devices.

Bram Cohen

Bit Torrent. (wikipedia)

If Napster started the first generation of file sharing , Bram Cohen changed the face of file sharing by developing BitTorrent which has a massive following of users almost instantly. It uses the Golden Rule principle: the faster you upload, the faster you are allowed to download. BitTorrent breaks up files into many little portions, and as soon as a user has a piece, they instantly start uploading that part to other users. So almost everybody who is sharing a given file is simultaneously uploading and downloading pieces of the same file.

Reid Hoffman

LinkedIn. (wikipedia)

Reid Hoffman, a former executive vice president at PayPal, created LinkedIn as a professional social network allowing registered users to maintain a list of contact details of people they know and trust in business. Members can search for jobs, trade resumes, find new hires and keep up with the competition.

Matt Mullenweg

WordPress. (wikipedia)

Matt Mullenweg founded the world’s most used open source blogging and the greatest boon to freedom of expression known as WordPress. Some of the most popular websites run on WordPress are Techcrunch, Huffingtonpost, Mashable and more.

Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim

Youtube. (wikipedia)

Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim met as early employees at PayPal. They later started the internet’s most popular video-sharing site YouTube which is broadcasting more than 100 million short videos daily on myriad subjects. When creating YouTube, the three divided work based on skills: Chad Hurley designed the site’s interface and logo. Steve Chen and Jawed Karim divide technical duties making the site work. They later split management tasks, based on strengths and interests: Chad Hurley became CEO; Steve Chen, Chief Technology Officer. A year and a half later, Google acquired YouTube for a deal worth $1.65 billion in stock.

Craig Newmark

Craigslist. (wikipedia)

Craig Newmark started a site that dramatically altered the classified advertising universe called Craiglist. It was an object of fear for newspapers who felt threatened by the free-for-all classified advertising site. It began as an e-mail list for Newmark’s friends in the Bay Area. Since then, it has grown into an online database for classified ads for those seeking everything from housing to romance.

Julian Assange

WikiLeaks. (wikipedia)

Julian Assange founded a website dedicated to publishing classified documents stolen from around the world. He designed an advanced software for the Wikileaks shielding the identities of the thieves who steal these documents by completely erasing their identities before spreading the stolen documents to servers ‘all over the world’. As a result, no one can trace who’s given him what or when. The site depicts itself as the “uncensorable Wikipedia for untraceable mass document leaking and analysis” and has developed to be regarded as the most extensive and safest stage for whistleblowers to leak to.

Dick Costolo

FeedBurner. (wikipedia)

People generally check their preferred sites every now and then to see if there’s anything new. FeedBurner founder Dick Costolo created a news aggregator that automatically downloads an update that is visible in the places that interest you. An RSS feed, short for Really Simple Syndication, delivers those latest bits of media from their creator’s website to your computer. FeedBurner was later acquired by Google in 2007. Currently, Dick Costolo is Twitter’s Chief Operating Officer making twitter the next generation RSS.

Mark Zuckerberg

Facebook. (wikipedia)

Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook to help students in universities keep in touch with friends. The “status update” started its rebirth in Facebook, where user after user tell their extended network of trusted friends what they’re doing. They also show off photos, upload videos, chat, make friends, meet old ones, join causes, groups, have fun and throw virtual sheep at one another. The site, which is believed to have 500 million registered users worldwide, has only four remaining countries left to conquer: Russia, Japan, China and Korea, according to Zuckerberg. Facebook is now twice as huge as Rupert Murdoch’s MySpace.

Jack Dorsey

Twitter. (wikipedia)

Jack Dorsey created Twitter to allow friends and family know what he was doing. The world’s fastest-growing communications medium let users broadcast their thoughts in 140 characters or less and repost someone else’s informative or amusing message to their own Twitter followers by Retweeting. No one thought people would want to follow strangers, or that celebrities would use Twitter to tell fans of their activities, or that businesses would use Twitter to announce discounts or launch new products.

Bonus: 3 More…

Christopher Poole

4chan message board. (wikipedia)

Christopher Poole, known online as “Moot,” started a message board called 4chan where people are free to be wrong. Unlike most web forums, 4chan does not have a registration system, allowing users to post anonymously. Moot believes in the value of multiple identities, including anonymity, in contrast to the merge of online and real-world identities occurring on Facebook and many other social networking sites.

Joshua Schachter

Delicious. (wikipedia)

Del.icio.us is a more sophisticated multiuser version of Muxway, wherein his first implementation of tags. Joshua Schachter began del.icio.us as a way for people to store and share their favorite Web-browsing bookmarks online. Instead of organizing them himself, or even creating a standard taxonomy of categories, Schachter used something called user tagging-people simply labeled the bookmarks by any name they wanted, and eventually the group as a whole effectively voted on them by either adopting those tags themselves or rejecting them. And now del.icio.us has been gobbled up by Yahoo, which hopes to extend the tagging principle to all sorts of its services.

Philip Emeagwali

Mathematician, Computer scientist and Geologist(wikipedia)
Philip Emeagwali is Best known as Nigerian-born supercomputing pioneer. Nigerian-born engineer, mathematician, computer scientist and geologist who was one of two winners of the 1989 Gordon Bell Prize, a prize from the IEEE, for his use of a Connection Machine supercomputer to help detect petroleum fields.
Emeagwali was voted the “35th-greatest African (and greatest African scientist) of all time” in a survey by New African magazine.His achievements were quoted in a speech by Bill Clinton as an example of what Nigerians could achieve when given the opportunity. He is also a frequent feature of Black History Month articles in the popular press

Philip Emeagwali-techcribng

Jeff Bezos

Amazon. (wikipedia)

Jeff Bezos founded the world’s biggest online store known as Amazon, which was originally named Cadabra Inc. He made online shopping faster and more personal than a trip to the local store. The company now introduced Kindle allowing readers to download books and other written materials and read them on this handheld device.

Seun osewa

Nairaland. (wikipedia)

Seun osewa founded the largest forum site in africa and the third largest in the world. If you’re an active internet user, or  you consult that machine to search for stuff, chances are that you would have come across Nairaland. Well, Nairaland is Nigeria’s biggest indigenous website and only Facebook, Yahoo, Google and blogspot are more viewed than it according to Alexa ranking. Put better, it commands more visits than Twitter and Wikipedia in Nigeria. It is the seventh most visited website in Nigeria and among the top 1000 most viewed sites in the world. Nairaland records more than one million views everyday..Seun osewa who some people regarded as Mark Zuckerberg of Nigeria.In 2013,  was listed as one of the 30 Under 30 youngest entrepreneur by Forbes magazine.

 

CONCLUSION

We all love being on our  Desktop , laptop, smart phones and ipads, the internet is the big reason behind us spending so much time on these gadgets. As you can see that the internet is probably one of the greatest inventions of the century. i remember, my teacher do tell me that he had to go to the library to do research but now, all we have to do is browse the internet for our research. We can do many things with the internet; we can shop, play games, chat with  friends on Facebook,  MySpace or Skype, watch videos on YouTube, earn money from blogging, and many more!..
Despite these facts, the Internet has been a major source of information and we should use it wisely and discreetly. I personally think the benefits outweighs the harm. With a few clicks on the keyboard, we can virtually visit everywhere in the world.

I believe the Internet will bring us more surprises and offer us a promising tomorrow.

NOW TO YOU

The 42 people listed above has one way or the other contributed to the growth of the internet….Who do you think should be on this list?.: kindly, share comments below.

i

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5 Comments

5 Comments

  1. Erik Emanuelli

    September 16, 2014 at 7:32 am

    Inspirational!
    I wish there could be my picture in that list!
    As they say, you never know!

    Thanks for sharing, very interesting!

    • Segun Balogun

      Segun Balogun

      September 18, 2014 at 11:22 am

      Hi erik,
      Don.t worry i know one day , your name will be on the list…..
      you are doing a great job on klinkk.com
      keep it up.

  2. Larry Frank

    September 16, 2014 at 8:47 pm

    Hi Segun,
    This are wonderful people that changed the internet world and I must say that all the above listed there surely are suppose to be there.
    Thanks for the big share.

    I saw your blog on kingged where I shared and kinged it,

  3. Emmanuel

    September 17, 2014 at 9:33 am

    Hello Segun,

    There is one thing I realised about these great individuals, most of them are young and that means success has no limit and knows no age.

    This has inspired me a lot.

    • Segun Balogun

      Segun Balogun

      September 18, 2014 at 11:03 am

      Hi Emmanuel,
      its true success has no limit and knows no age….
      Thanks for your contribution..

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Editorials

Happy New Year 2021: Messages, Greetings, Poems For Friends and Family

Segun Balogun

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2020 has been a difficult one for most of us, from the Coronavirus pandemic to agitations around the country — and the rest of the world, 2020 is a year that will not be forgotten in a hurry — One that will continue to affect our lives even when this whole nightmare is over. Yet, humanity is not be taken lightly either. We will continue to hold on to hope and persevere for a brighter and better tomorrow. The upcoming year has a lot of people’s hope riding on it, and the start of a new decade has never seemed more promising.

Happy New Year 2021 Messages

Wishing you a Happy New Year with the hope that you will have many blessings in the year to come.

Out with the old, in with the new: may you be happy the whole year through. Happy New Year!

Counting my blessings and wishing you more. I hope you enjoy the New Year in store.

I resolve to stop wasting my resolutions on myself and use them to repay you for the warmth you’ve shown me. Happy New Year!

Nights will be dark but days will be light, wishing your life to be always bright – Happy New Year.

Let us look back at the past year with the warmest of memories. Happy New Year.
Let the old year end and the New Year begin with the warmest of aspirations. Happy New Year!

One more year loaded with sweet recollections and cheerful times has passed. You have made my year exceptionally uncommon, and I wish this continues forever. With you around, each minute is a unique event for me. I wish you to have a year as incredible as you are.

On this New Year, I wish that you have a superb January, a dazzling February, a Peaceful March, an anxiety-free April, a sensational May, and joy that keeps going from June to November, and then round off with an upbeat December.

On this New Year, may you change your direction and not dates, change your commitments and not the calendar, change your attitude and not the actions, and bring about a change in your faith, your force, and your focus and not the fruit.

May you live up to the promises you have made and may you create for you and your loved ones the happiest New Year ever.

May this year bring new happiness, new goals, new achievements, and a lot of new inspirations on your life. Wishing you a year fully loaded with happiness.
Wishing every day of the new year to be filled with success, happiness, and prosperity for you. Happy New Year.
May the new year bring you warmth, love, and light to guide your path to a positive destination

Here’s wishing you all the joy of the season. Have a Happy New Year!

Inspirational and Motivational 2021 New Years Messages to your loved ones

A New Year is like a blank book, and the pen is in your hands. It is your chance to write a beautiful story for yourself. Happy New Year.

As the New Year approaches us with hopes anew, here is to wishing you and your family a wonderful year ahead.

As the New Year dawns, I hope it is filled with the promises of a brighter tomorrow. Happy New Year!

Every end marks a new beginning. Keep your spirits and determination unshaken, and you shall always walk the glory road. With courage, faith and great effort, you shall achieve everything you desire. I wish you a Happy New Year.

On the road to success, the rule is always to look ahead. May you reach your destination and may your journey be wonderful. Happy New Year.

No one can go back in time to change what has happened, so work on your present to make yourself a wonderful future.

You’re supposed to let go of the past and start off new. You’re supposed to forgive all those who have hurt you and be open to new relationships, with open arms. That is why it is called the ‘New’ Year. May you have a Happy New Year.

End each year with a few good lessons and start the new one by showing that you have learnt the lessons of the past well.

The New Year has brought another chance for us to set things right and to open up a new chapter in our lives.
Unlike what most people think it is never too late to be what you wish to be.

new years card with religious message
Failure doesn’t influence your inner resilience, and failing simply means that you’ve discovered another false way to move your life forward. Profit from it.

At precisely the moment you feel like giving up, victory is always within reach. Remember this moving into the New Year.

We will open the book. Its pages are blank. We are going to put words on them ourselves. The book is called Opportunity, and its first chapter is New Year’s Day

Happy New Year Poems 2021

Brush away old heartaches.
Learn from our mistakes.
Another year is finally over.
A new dawn awakes.

Let the old year out.
Welcome the new one in.
Bury the bad things of the past
As a new year now begins.

Make your New Year wishes
As simple as you can.
Pray for peace and love,
Not for wealth or fame.

Pray for health and happiness.
Pray for your fellow man.
Pray for all the ones you love.
Pray for those who’ve lost their way.

As the midnight hour chimes,
We leave the old and embrace the new.
I wish the things you wish for yourself,
And may God’s love stay with you.

What can be said in New Year rhymes,
That’s not been said a thousand times?
The new years come, the old years go,
We know we dream, we dream we know.
We rise up laughing with the light,
We lie down weeping with the night.
We hug the world until it stings,
We curse it then and sigh for wings.
We live, we love, we woo, we wed,
We wreathe our brides, we sheet our dead.
We laugh, we weep, we hope, we fear,
And that’s the burden of the year.

Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky,
The flying cloud, the frosty light:
The year is dying in the night;
Ring out, wild bells, and let him die.

Ring out the old, ring in the new,
Ring, happy bells, across the snow:
The year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true…

Beautiful lights and decorations
Surround us this day.
They promise to meet the aspirations
And point the right way.
Happy 2021!

Happy, Happy New Year,
We wish you all the best,
Great work to reach your fondest goals,
And when you’re done, sweet rest,
We hope for your fulfillment,
Contentment, peace and more,
A brighter, better new year than,
You’ve ever had before.

Many of us are dreamers, in 2021 become doers.
Make your thoughts, actions and become pursuers.
Don’t make resolutions without an action plan.
The secret to success is right in your hands.

Happy New Year to you!
May every great new day
Bring you sweet surprises–
A happiness buffet.

Happy New Year to you,
And when the new year’s done,
May the next year be even better,
Full of pleasure, joy and fun.

I’m writing this in a state of shock,
Watching the clock—tick tock, tick tock,
Advancing, approaching, relentlessly,
A brand new year; Oh, can it be?

The calendar says the same thing, too;
Time races, vanishes for me; Boo hoo!
No, wait! If time flies, I’m having fun!
A year of fun! It’s gone! It’s done!

I now embrace the blur of time,
Because it simply means that I’m
Too busy with pleasure, joy, delight
To mourn the passing days’ swift flight.

So I’m wishing you fast, happy days,
Pleasuring you in myriad ways,
Filled with happiness and cheer,
Oh Happy, Happy Bright New Year!

As the world celebrates
With fireworks and cakes
I’m standing here alone
Far away from home
With nothing but a suitcase and memories

As the stars surround me like water
I raise my hands in full surrender
To God, my Redeemer
Lord, this year is far from ordinary
I’ve never seen such extraordinary
People, places and things
Amazing human beings
Searching for purpose, just like me.

Looking around, I wonder
Since a year is like clashing thunder
Booming suddenly
Then vanishing instantly
Why waste time uselessly?
The old year came and went
I hope your time was wisely spent
On helping others and working hard
So that many people may regard
Your lifetime as truly great
And not just because of fate
So learn this lesson, but not from me!
Try it yourself and you will see
Making a difference starts with one step
With one foot, then the next

So walk right now into the light
And find yourself shining bright
Don’t worry what people think
Because right now you’re on the brink
Of showing others what is true
Happy New Year, from me to you.

 

Here’s wishing you all the joy of the season. Have a Happy New Year!

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How Rwanda is spurring a generation of women in technology

Segun Balogun

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Rwanda is renowned as a pioneer for gender equality,In 2020, it was the only African country ranked in the top 10 of the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report.

It ranked in the top four in the Report’s political empowerment category, in recognition of the high proportion of Rwandese women lawmakers and ministers.

The country, therefore, seemed a natural fit for a 2018 pilot program of the African Development Bank’s Coding for Employment initiative, with Nigeria, Kenya, Côte d’Ivoire, and Senegal.

The Coding for Employment flagship program is establishing 130 ICT centers for excellence in Africa, training 234,000 youths for employability and entrepreneurship to create over 9 million jobs.

Hendrina C. Doroba, Manager in the Education, Human Capital and Employment Division at the Bank, explains how Rwanda is empowering women in technology.

How has the government of Rwanda enabled women to pursue careers in technology, and STEM in general?

The government of Rwanda has been a foremost champion of women in ICT and in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (also known as STEM), by driving initiatives like the establishment of the Carnegie Mellon University-Africa campus, for which the Bank provided funding. Students from 17 different countries pursue highly specialized ICT skills at the Africa campus.

The country also hosts the African Institute of Mathematics (AIMS) which is now recruiting balanced cohorts of women and men. Lastly, the Bank-funded University of Rwanda College of Science and Technology has for many years produced women leaders in the ICT sector in Rwanda and globally.

Rwanda’s government also supports initiatives such as the Miss Geek Rwanda competition, an initiative of Girls in ICT Rwanda, which aims to encourage school-age girls, even those in remote areas, to develop innovative tech or business ideas and to generally immerse themselves in ICT. The Miss Geek initiative has now been rolled out in other countries in the region.

What role has the Bank played in supporting Rwanda’s digital strategy, especially in relation to women?

The strategy of the Bank’s Coding for Employment center of excellence in Rwanda has been to join forces with the Rwanda Coding Academy through a grant agreement to support the school’s activities, like ICT equipment, teacher training and career orientation. The Rwanda Coding Academy started in January 2019 and has so far enrolled one cohort, which is now going into their second year.

Besides the Rwanda Coding Academy, the Bank’s Coding for Employment program held a two-day masterclass for girls and young women entrepreneurs at the 2018 Youth Conneckt summit, where over 200 beneficiaries were trained in using digital tools to amplify their businesses. The session was attended by women entrepreneurs as well as students from girl schools in Kigali, including those from White Dove School, which is an all-girl school fully dedicated to training in ICT. The masterclass culminated into a pitching exercises from various groups who presented their ideas to a panel of judges.

What lessons can other African countries learn from Rwanda’s approach to the 4IR, in particular the role of women?

The government of Rwanda has been a trailblazer in using innovation to improve public services across the country using the e-governance platform Irembo, to bring government services closer to citizens. In addition, the government is driving national digital skilling campaigns by championing digital ambassador programs and platforms such as Smart Africa, which has organized the annual Transform Africa summit since 2013.

Still, gender equality remains a concern, and gender gaps are evident even in schools. Rwanda’s ambitions extend to piloting the Kigali Innovation City, also Bank-funded, to serve as the country’s knowledge and innovation hub by attracting new businesses and incubating ideas. At the same time, the country has created a business environment which is pro-entrepreneurship and welcomes global inventors to test their ideas and concepts. Zipline, a company which uses drones to deliver medical supplies in remote areas, is one example.

Lastly, Rwanda promotes women leaders in the ICT and innovation sector. The country’s Minister of ICT and Innovation is a woman, as is the CEO of the Irembo platform. Appointments such as these are helping to dispel the myth that women are not as capable as men in ICT.

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Editorials

Most Noticeable Science Fiction Examples

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The Benefits of Science Fiction Examples

In some instances, controlling the variable might even alter the results! Some are still in copyright. As an example, current methods for creating organo-silicon compounds often need precious metals and poisonous solvents.

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If this pause is particularly pronounced, it’s known as a caesura. In real life, you will probably receive a wide number of answers, which makes it troublesome to see if internal consistency is good or not. This technique isn’t able to transport any true matter, therefore it can’t teleport humans or even flies.

Ruthless Science Fiction Examples Strategies Exploited

It’s challenging to grasp exactly how big, or how detailed, the world is inside this novel. But this isn’t the entirety of the genre. Sci-fi gives a welcome kind of escapism, too.

In spare, deceptively straightforward prose, Muslim writes the type of unpredictable stories you wish to re-read the instant you finish. Collapsing Empire could http://cip.cornell.edu/DPubS?service=Repository&version=1.0&verb=Disseminate&handle=cpre.crer/1414676010&view=body&content-type=pdf_1 just be what you desire. Science Fiction (often referred to as sci-fi or SF) is a favorite genre of fiction where the narrative world differs from our very own present or historical reality in a minumum of one significant way.

Hence the seemingly universal” phenomenon may not be universally valid. Everybody have a unique definition. It’s possible to make the argument this isn’t really science fiction, if you truly need to. Science fiction changes as time passes.

Here are five important characteristics that add to the ease of owning and operating a Roomba. Today, communications satellites are typical. These days, the smartphone app Scanadu Scout can provide you vitals if you simply hold it to your temple. Today we’ve weaponzied lasers beyond optical tracking deployed around the world.

Given the vastness of space, it’s reasonable to say that it’s near impossible in the near future that Man can conquer or even learn more about the whole of it. https://buyessay.net/ For Star Wars, George Lucas had to create a completely different universe by himself from making the different kinds of planets that had their own environment to the sort of technology which allows space travel to the sort of creatures that inhabited that certain planet to the type of language they were planning to utilize for different species. The action often moves to a lot of distinct places. Clearly, some kind of time travel happened.

But What About Science Fiction Examples?

The entire point of utilizing a science fiction world is to explore the options of the what-ifs. Now you have a great idea about what science fiction is, let’s take a peek at two popular examples! Other folks contend that in case the technology is left in the background it’s an illustration of soft science fiction.

Indeed, technologists would like to better understand the manner fiction influences the growth of new technologies. Science fiction comprises a wide range of categories and attributes. As alluded to under energy above, writers should have some level of self-discipline to be in a position to write and create.

Life, Death, and Science Fiction Examples

It’s among the more believable near-future dystopias. Yes, there’s more silkpunk here, too. But that doesn’t indicate it isn’t fascinating. Let us understand what you believe. You are going to have to read to learn!

The Debate Over Science Fiction Examples

You are able to make your own collection write my essay of questions in agreement with your assignment. The top 3 sub-genre choices from all possible members are displayed on top of the novel page. Bear in mind, genre can’t be taught a day, so don’t rush and take pleasure in exposing your students to a large range of books!

Though that may be an oversimplification, it’s true that each intriguing story will involve a character’s inner conflict sooner or later. The genderless temperament of the Gethenians is most likely the most renowned part of this book, but it’s hardly the only notable thing about it. The tone is a bit different, too.

This page a part of my website. If your answer was wrong, you will be provided the opportunity to do more attempts but you’ll miss a point on each incorrect answer. So, perhaps you could consider bumping your yearly reread of Neuromancerdown on your reading list just a little bit and leave a small room on top for a few of these awesome books.

Be aware that the individuals could be human or non-human. There are lots more imaginative and frightening elements of this world, including beetles that could remove and add memories when put in an ear and worms that may release drugs within your body. But this inconvenient fact may be going to change. I think that it’s well worth stepping back and asking whose experiences we’re speaking about. Jemisin built an amazingly intriguing world where a race of individuals are attuned to the earth in a really magical and frequently dangerous way. We’re watching for something which isn’t there.

This results in the humans to look for a new house planet. They might try to stretch boundaries to modify the world. At best we may be able to say someone exhibits largely introverted or largely extraverted behaviours, but they’re not the polar opposites which were originally proposed. His purpose is to conserve the life span of a dying world. So something you can do in order to brainstorm is to come back to your cast of characters.

The franchise had come a very long way since George Lucas released the very first installation of the movie. I believe the medieval in me would absolutely adore this prospect. And their adventures are only beginning.

The SF reader doesn’t expect to get a comprehensive picture of the world all at one time. The Star Wars movies, however, aren’t built on this type of thesis. Science is all about everything around us. With plenty of action, this book is certain to please fans of Cinder.

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Be aware that the individuals could be human or non-human. There are lots more imaginative and frightening elements of this world, including beetles that could remove and add memories when put in an ear and worms that may release drugs within your body. But this inconvenient fact may be going to change. There isn’t any way to set the genie back in the bottle. Jemisin built an amazingly intriguing world where a race of individuals are attuned to the earth in a really magical and frequently dangerous way. We’re watching for something which isn’t there.

This results in the humans to look for a new house planet. They might try to stretch boundaries to modify the world. It can be an issue of life and death. It’s the very same word. however, it’s taken on an entirely new meaning. So something you can do in order to brainstorm is to come back to your cast of characters.

I used a string of metrics once I edited the dictionary. Technology is tough to predict, as it often develops in response to new requirements or changing situations that are hard to imagine. As an example, current methods for creating organo-silicon compounds often need precious metals and poisonous solvents.

In reality, they already have many ideas (like wormholes and negative mass propulsion) as to how they may eventually have the ability to earn warp drives do the job. Moreover, silicon is among the most typical elements in the universe. This technique isn’t able to transport any true matter, therefore it can’t teleport humans or even flies.

Most Noticeable Science Fiction Examples

It provides a great research the known and unknown and is guaranteed to make you believe. First and foremost, I would like to supply variety. A creative person will often have a broad range of potential energy. In doing this, we’re ready to create a stereo view of the website, giving an opportunity to recognize high and low points in the site more effectively. Nearly every space opera features some type of laser.

Given the vastness of space, it’s reasonable to say that it’s near impossible in the near future that Man can conquer or even learn more about the whole of it. Mokoya hunts nagas with the assistance of a pack of trained velociraptors. If you picture your story for a building, a superior struggle isn’t likely to be several gusts of wind that batters just a couple of windows. If space travel is simply a few steps away from reality, it isn’t too presumptuous to believe that some level of space colonisation can be realised within our lifetime.

Finding the Best Science Fiction Examples

The ideal writing makes you find the world anew, and science writing is the same. The distinction between both kinds of science is a matter of how strongly it’s possible to state, test and accept or reject the hypothesis. The main reason I bring up the science fiction examples is these procedures are complicated, and it’s extremely hard to contemplate ethics whenever you don’t understand the fundamentals of science.

Psychics encompass people in an assortment of roles. Hard science is just one of the natural or physical sciences. Very good writers have an ability to see something similar from various perspectives.

Who Else Wants to Learn About Science Fiction Examples?

Neuvel’s sci-fi series is very great due to the way it’s told, through a group of transcripts and interviews. In terms of new releases from 2016, there are tons of buzzy fantasy and sci-fi books that will result in a fantastic summer read. You can look for books by a predetermined sub-genre that makes it effortless to come across similar books to the ones you want or you’ll find new books in various sub-genres that you’ve not tried before.

The SF reader doesn’t expect to get a comprehensive picture of the world all at one time. Time travel stories can be challenging. Weird Science is an enjoyable movie, but it doesn’t have anything to do with science. With plenty of action, this book is certain to please fans of Cinder.

And that’s the great thing about the genre. That is only one subgenre of our weird and amazing genre. The aptly-named tale includes a sourdough starter as one of the principal characters.

Readers appearing to explore sci-fi retellings beyond YA lit should take a look at these novellas. There are likewise a great deal of Tarzan books to select from. Alas, some compromises need to be made, especially within this genre. There are people who like action-packed plots, and people who read for the characters or on account of the thought-provoking ideas.

Hence the seemingly universal” phenomenon may not be universally valid. Kurt Vonnegut once said that each story is all about a character who gets into trouble and then attempts to escape it. A book which comes with an integrated audience is a publishing win. Science fiction changes as time passes.

Here’s What I Know About Science Fiction Examples

Here is the fundamental point to understand. You will be provided the directions for the game in the very first page. 1 reason to tell this type of story is to earn a critique of society, or to provide a warning.

It’s a little bit of a comedy, but tends to select the science seriously and portray the intelligent guys positively. The genderless temperament of the Gethenians is most likely the most renowned part of this book, but it’s hardly the only notable thing about it. This takes a limited suspension of disbelief on the region of the reader.

As soon as you’ve decided on your question it’s time to check in the answer. If your answer was wrong, you will be provided the opportunity to do more attempts but you’ll miss a point on each incorrect answer. Just take a notion from this list and run with this.

I don’t find this persuasive. Yes, there’s more silkpunk here, too. We are going to take a better look at both later. Eventually if they’re successful, or they are lucky enough they do not need to work, they may have the ability to write when they wish. Because you’ve read this far, you might want to see the I’ve created.

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Non-fiction writing is intended to inform readers about real life. It’s really hard to describe precisely how good Jemisin’s books are. You can search for books by a predetermined sub-genre which makes it effortless to discover similar books to the ones which you need or it’s possible to discover new books in a variety of sub-genres that you’ve not tried before.

Project Gutenberg seeks to make several of these works out there. They all appear to be a booger in contrast to a Mini iPad. Science is all about everything around us. I strongly advise this book.

Understanding Science Fiction Examples

A number of these creatures which were raised from the earth had not a whole lot of choice in the issue of what things to do. There are lots more imaginative and frightening elements of this world, including beetles that could remove and add memories when put in an ear and worms that may release drugs within your body. In another, it’s her husband who’s the casualty. One particular huge twist, thoughall the individuals are women. We should be really bothered once in some time. We’re watching for something which isn’t there.

This results in the humans to look for a new house planet. They might try to stretch boundaries to modify the world. The character was bestowed magical powers. It’s the very same word. however, it’s taken on an entirely new meaning. Its a very good retirement hobby.

The Advantages of Science Fiction Examples

It’s among the more believable near-future dystopias. It can influence some, or it can impact all. But that doesn’t indicate it isn’t fascinating. Let us understand what you believe. Not only they are really goodlooking.

In some instances, controlling the variable might even alter the results! Some are still in copyright. And it is likely to be just the tip of the iceberg.

If this pause is particularly pronounced, it’s known as a caesura. This simulation is known as the Matrix. This technique isn’t able to transport any true matter, therefore it can’t teleport humans or even flies.

And that’s the great thing about the genre. But this isn’t the entirety of the genre. The aptly-named tale includes a sourdough starter as one of the principal characters.

In spare, deceptively straightforward prose, Muslim writes the type of unpredictable stories you wish to re-read the instant you finish. Science fiction differs from fantasy. Science Fiction (often referred to as sci-fi or SF) is a favorite genre of fiction where the narrative world differs from our very own present or historical reality in a minumum of one significant way.

Blumenthal wife-beating allegation is absolute fiction that has been produced by Clinton enemies. You may learn lessens from any form of fiction. A book which comes with an integrated audience is a publishing win. Science fiction changes as time passes.

Science Fiction Examples – Overview

Here are five important characteristics that add to the ease of owning and operating a Roomba. Some Roombas come with a number of sensors which are constantly on the watch for concentrated piles of dirt. As stated above this website is completely non-profit. Stay tuned next week to learn!

Now it’s the name for virtually any automobile that could take a rider to a 1 date. Mokoya hunts nagas with the assistance of a pack of trained velociraptors. The action often moves to a lot of distinct places. Clearly, some kind of time travel happened.

It’s wonderful to have a little skin-deep understanding about a broad range of subjects. Now you have a great idea about what science fiction is, let’s take a peek at two popular examples! The main reason I bring up the science fiction examples is these procedures are complicated, and it’s extremely hard to contemplate ethics whenever you don’t understand the fundamentals of science.

Teachers provide their students with the documents that have links to websites to use the info, as stated by the activity. Hard science is just one of the natural or physical sciences. Very good writers have an ability to see something similar from various perspectives.

What to Expect From Science Fiction Examples?

The book also functions as a warning about developing a utopian world. You will be provided the directions for the game in the very first page. 1 reason to tell this type of story is to earn a critique of society, or to provide a warning.

The end result is THE most in-depth science fiction book recommendations site on the internet, bar none. The genderless temperament of the Gethenians is most likely the most renowned part of this book, but it’s hardly the only notable thing about it. It could be construed as sarcasm or it might simply offend the reader in the event the humour is too subtle.

As the name implies this book is all about a time machine made by the time traveler, the star of this story. This word, naturally, is everywhere now. Just take a notion from this list and run with this.

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